Texas child custody geographic restrictions

When parents in Texas face child custody disputes, one critical issue often arises: geographic restrictions. These restrictions determine where a child can live and are essential in ensuring the child’s best interests. The Texas Family Code and the Texas Supreme Court provide clear guidelines on this matter.

Tex. Fam. Code § 109.002 states that geographic restrictions should consider the best interest of the child. In the landmark case Lenz v. Lenz, the Texas Supreme Court outlined several factors to guide these decisions. Understanding these factors is crucial for parents and legal professionals navigating custody cases.

Factors Influencing Geographic Restrictions

  1. Reasons for and Against the Move: The court examines the motives behind the move. According to the law, consideration includes “the reasons for and against a prospective move, including the parents’ good faith motives in requesting or opposing it.” This means the court looks into whether the move is genuinely in the child’s best interest or if it’s a tactic by one parent to gain an advantage.
  2. Health, Education, and Leisure Opportunities: The opportunities available in the new location are vital. The law states that the court should consider “health, education, and leisure opportunities afforded by the prospective move.” Better schools, improved healthcare, and enhanced leisure activities can significantly impact the child’s development and well-being.
  3. Economic, Emotional, and Educational Enhancement: The potential benefits of the move for both the custodial parent and the child are critical. The law requires considering “the degree of economic, emotional, and educational enhancement for the custodial parent and child.” This means evaluating whether the move will improve their financial stability, emotional health, and educational opportunities.
  4. Effect on Extended Family Relationships: Family ties play a significant role in a child’s life. The court examines “the effect on extended family relationships.” Moving away from grandparents, aunts, uncles, and other family members can disrupt the child’s sense of security and support system.
  5. Accommodation of Special Needs or Talents: Every child is unique, and their specific needs must be met. The law highlights “the accommodation of the child’s special needs or talents.” If the new location can better support the child’s talents or special needs, this factor weighs in favor of the move.
  6. Effect on Visitation and Communication: Maintaining a strong relationship with the non-custodial parent is essential. The law considers “the effect on visitation and communication with the non-custodial parent to maintain a full and continuous relationship with the child.” The move should not hinder the child’s ability to stay connected with both parents.
  7. Visitation Schedule: The practicality of maintaining a visitation schedule is examined. The court looks at “the possibility of a visitation schedule allowing the continuation of a meaningful relationship between the non-custodial parent and child.” This ensures that the non-custodial parent can continue to play a significant role in the child’s life.
  8. Ability of the Non-Custodial Parent to Relocate: Finally, the court considers whether the non-custodial parent can also move. The law includes “the ability of the non-custodial parent to relocate.” If both parents can move, the geographic restriction may be less impactful.


Geographic restrictions in Texas child custody cases are designed to serve the child’s best interest. By considering the factors outlined in Lenz v. Lenz, the court aims to ensure the child’s well-being, stability, and ongoing relationships with both parents. If you’re facing a custody dispute involving geographic restrictions, it’s essential to understand these factors and seek expert legal advice. To retain an experienced Texas divorce lawyer for your divorce or child custody case in Dallas, Denton, Collin, or Rockwall County, please schedule a consultation with us today.